Institut für Angewandte Physik - Arbeitsgruppe Prof. Dr. Kalt


Heinz Kalt and Claus Klingshirn:
"Semiconductor Optics 1 - Linear Optical Properties of Semiconductors, 5th edition"

in Graduate Texts in Physics.
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2019 (ISBN 978-3-030-24152-0).

This revised and updated edition of the well-received book by C. Klingshirn provides an introduction to and an overview of all aspects of semiconductor optics, from IR to visible and UV. It has been split into two volumes and rearranged to offer a clearer structure of the course content. Inserts on important experimental techniques as well as sections on topical research have been added to support research-oriented teaching and learning.

Volume 1 provides an introduction to the linear optical properties of semiconductors. The mathematical treatment has been kept as elementary as possible to allow an intuitive approach to the understanding of results of semiconductor spectroscopy. Building on the phenomenological model of the Lorentz oscillator, the book describes the interaction of light with fundamental optical excitations in semiconductors (phonons, free carriers, excitons). It also offers a broad review of seminal research results augmented by concise descriptions of the relevant experimental techniques, e.g., Fourier transform IR spectroscopy, ellipsometry, modulation spectroscopy and spatially resolved methods, to name a few. Further, it picks up on hot topics in current research, like quantum structures, mono-layer semiconductors or Perovskites. The experimental aspects of semiconductor optics are complemented by an in-depth discussion of group theory in solid-state optics.

Covering subjects ranging from physics to materials science and optoelectronics, this book provides a lively and comprehensive introduction to semiconductor optics. With over 120 problems, more than 480 figures, abstracts to each chapter, as well as boxed inserts and a detailed index, it is intended for use in graduate courses in physics and neighboring sciences like material science and electrical engineering. It is also a valuable reference resource for doctoral and advanced researchers.

Heinz Kalt:

in Lecture Notes in Physics 658 CFN Lectures on Functional Nanostructures, Vol. 1, herausgegeben von K.Busch, A.Powell, C.Röthig, G.Schön, J.Weismüller, S. 51-70.
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2005 (ISBN 978-3-540-31533-9).

This book contains a selection of lectures from the first Summer School organized by the Center for Functional Nanostructures (CFN) at the University of Karlsruhe. The mission of the CFN is to carry out research in the following areas: nanophotonics, nanoelectronics, molecular nanostructures and nanostructured materials. The aim of the summer schools is mainly to exchange new ideas and illustrate emerging research methodologies through a series of lectures. This is reflected by both the selection of topics addressed in the present volume as well as the tutorial aspect of the contributions.


Heinz Kalt:
"Low-Dimensional Structures of II-VI Compounds: General Properties, Quantum-Well Stuctures, Superlattices and Coupled Quantum-Well Structures, Quantum-Wire Structures"

in Landolt-Börnstein Vol. III,34 Semiconductor Quantum Structures, Subvolume C2 Optical Properties (Part 2), herausgegeben von C.Klingshirn, S. 1-219.
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2004 (ISBN 3-540-44339-8).

Volume III/34 of Landolt-Börnstein summarizes our current knowledge of semiconductor quantum structures, a topic in applied condensed matter physics with steadily growing technological importance. The present subvolume 34A covers growth and structuring of semiconductor quantum structures. It contains a general introduction, and discussions of the growth and preparation of quasi-zero-dimensional structures (quantum dots), quasi-one-dimensional structures (quantum wires) and quasi-one-dimensional structures (quantum wells). Topics include relevant growth techniques and examples for group IV semiconductors, III-V semiconductor compounds, II-VI semiconductor compounds, I-VII semiconductor compounds and IV-VI semiconductor compounds.


Heinz Kalt and Michael Hetterich (Hgg.):
"Optics of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures"

Springer Series in Solid State Sciences 146.
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2004 (ISBN 3-540-22068-2).

In recent years the field of semiconductor optics has been pushed to several extremes. The size of semiconductor structures has shrunk to dimensions of a few nanometers, the semiconductor-light interaction is studied on timescales as fast as a few femtoseconds, and transport properties on a length scale far below the wavelength of light have been revealed. These advances were driven by rapid improvements in both semiconductor and optical technologies and were further facilitated by progress in the theoretical description of optical excitations in semiconductors. This book, written by leading experts in the field, provides an up-to-date introduction to the optics of semiconductors and their nanostructures so as to help the reader understand these exciting new developments. It also discusses recently established applications, such as blue-light emitters, as well as the quest for future applications in areas such as spintronics, quantum information processing, and third-generation solar cells.


Hui Zhao and Heinz Kalt:
"Hot excitons in ZnSe quantum wells"

in Springer Series in Solid State Sciences 146 Optics of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures, herausgegeben von H. Kalt, M. Hetterich, S. 19-45.
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2004 (ISBN 3-540-22068-2).

See above


Heinz Kalt:
"Optical properties of III-V semiconductors: the influence of multi-valley bandstructures"

Springer Series in Solid State Science 120.
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1996 (ISBN 978-3-642-58284-4).

Optical and electronic properties of semiconductors are strongly influenced by the different possibilities of carriers to be distributed among the various extrema of the band structure or the transfer between them. The monograph Optical Properties of III-V Semiconductors is concerned with the III-V bulk and low-dimensional semiconductors with the emphasis on the implications of multi-valley bandstructures on the physical mechanisms essential for opto-electronic devices. The optical response of such semiconductor materials is determined by many-body effects like screening, gap narrowing, Fermi-edge singularity, electron-hole plasma and liquid formation, etc. The discussion of the latter features is presented self-consistently with the dynamics of excitons and carriers resulting from intervalley coupling.