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Spectral tuning of a three-dimensional photonic-bandgap waveguide signature by silica atomic-layer deposition

Spectral tuning of a three-dimensional photonic-bandgap waveguide signature by silica atomic-layer deposition
Autor: I. Staude, G. von Freymann, and M. Wegener
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Quelle: Opt. Mater. Express 2, 629 (2012)
Datum: 11.04.2012

Abstract:

Recent progress in three-dimensional sub-micron fabrication has rendered the introduction of waveguide structures into optical three-dimensional photonic bandgap materials possible. However, spectral tuning of the waveguide modes has not been demonstrated so far. Here, we use atomic-layer deposition of amorphous silica to tune the spectral position of an air-core defect waveguide in a three-dimensional silicon woodpile photonic crystal by 225 nm in wavelength. The measured spectral positions of the waveguide signature are in very good agreement with numerical calculations.