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Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence

Three-dimensional micro-printing of temperature sensors based on up-conversion luminescence
Autor:

A. Wickberg, J.B. Mueller, Y.J. Mange, J. Fischer, T. Nann, and M. Wegener

Links:
Quelle:

Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 133103 (2015)

Datum: 1.04.2015

Abstract:

The pronounced temperature dependence of up-conversion luminescence from nanoparticles doped with rare-earth elements enables local temperature measurements. By mixing these nanoparticles into a commercially available photoresist containing the low-fluorescence photo-initiator Irgacure 369, and by using three-dimensional direct laser writing, we show that micrometer sized local temperature sensors can be positioned lithographically as desired. Positioning is possible in pre-structured environments, e.g., within buried microfluidic channels or on optical or electronic chips. We use the latter as an example and demonstrate the measurement for both free space and waveguide-coupled excitation and detection. For the free space setting, we achieve a temperature standard deviation of 0.5 K at a time resolution of 1 s.