Light-sheet 3D microprinting via two-colour two-step absorption
V. Hahn, P. Rietz, F. Hermann, P. Müller, C. Barner-Kowollik, T. Schlöder, W. Wenzel, E. Blasco, and M. Wegener
Nat. Photonics (2022); doi:10.1038/s41566-022-01081-0
- Date: 13.10.2022
High-speed high-resolution 3D printing of polymers is highly desirable for many applications, yet still technologically challenging. Today, optics-based printing is in the lead. Projection-based linear optical approaches have achieved high printing rates of around 106 voxels s–1, although at voxel volumes of >100 μm3. Scanning-based nonlinear optical approaches have achieved voxel volumes of <1 μm3, but suffer from low printing speed or high cost because of the required femtosecond lasers. Here we present an approach that we refer to as light-sheet 3D laser microprinting. It combines image projection with an AND-type optical nonlinearity based on two-colour two-step absorption. The underlying photoresin is composed of 2,3-butanedione as the photoinitiator, (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxyl as the scavenger and dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate as the multifunctional monomer. Using continuous-wave laser diodes at 440 nm wavelength for projection and a continuous-wave laser at 660 nm for the light-sheet, we achieve a peak printing rate of 7 × 106 voxels s–1 at a voxel volume of 0.55 μm3.