Preparation of Reactive Three-Dimensional Microstructures via Direct Laser Writing and Thiol-ene Chemistry

  • Author:

    A.S. Quick, J. Fischer, B. Richter, Th. Pauloehrl, V. Trouillet, M. Wegener, and Ch. Barner-Kowollik

  • Source:

    Macromol. Rapid Commun. (2013), DOI: 10.1002/marc.201200796

  • Date: 23.01.2013
  • Abstract:

    Three-dimensional microstructures are fabricated employing the direct laser writing process and radical thiol-ene polymerization. The resin system consists of a two-photon photoinitiator and multifunctional thiols and olefins. Woodpile photonic crystals with 22 layers and a rod distance of 2 μm are fabricated. The structures are characterized via scanning electron microscopy and focused ion beam milling. The thiol-ene polymerization during fabrication is verified via infrared spectroscopy. The structures are grafted in a subsequent thiol-Michael addition reaction with different functional maleimides. The success of the grafting reaction is evaluated via laser scanning microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The grafting density is calculated to be close to 200 molecules μm−2.