Spectroscopic studies of resonant coupling of silver optical antenna arrays to a near-surface quantum well

  • Author:

    M. Gehl, S. Zandbergen, R. Gibson, M. Béchu, N. Nader, J. Hendrickson, J. Sears, P. Keiffer, M. Wegener, and G. Khitrova

  • Source:

    J. Opt. 16, 114016 (2014)

  • Date: 3.11.2014
  • Abstract:

    The coupling of radiation emitted on semiconductor inter-band transitions to resonant optical-antenna arrays allows for enhanced light–matter interaction via the Purcell effect. Semiconductor optical gain also potentially allows for loss reduction in metamaterials. Here we extend our previous work on optically pumped individual near-surface InGaAs quantum wells coupled to silver split-ring-resonator arrays to wire and square-antenna arrays. By comparing the transient pump-probe experimental results with the predictions of a simple model, we find that the effective coupling is strongest for the split rings, even though the split rings have the weakest dipole moment. The effect of the latter must thus be overcompensated by a smaller effective mode volume of the split rings. Furthermore, we also present a systematic variation of the pump-pulse energy, which was fixed in our previous experiments.