Experiments on Metamaterials with Negative Effective Static Compressibility

  • Author:

    J. Qu, A. Gerber, F. Mayer, M. Kadic, and M. Wegener

  • Source:

    Phys. Rev. X 7, 041060  (2017)

  • Date: 8.12.2017
  • Abstract:

    The volume of ordinary materials decreases in response to a pressure increase exerted by a surrounding gas or liquid, i.e., the material volume compressibility is positive. Recently, poroelastic metamaterial architectures have been suggested theoretically that allow for an unusual negative effective static volume compressibility—which appears to be forbidden for reasons of energy conservation at first sight. The challenge in the three-dimensional (3D) fabrication of these blueprints lies in the necessary many hollow 3D crosses sealed by thin membranes, which we realize in this work by using 3D laser microlithography combined with a serendipitous mechanism. By using optical-microscopy cross-correlation analysis, we determine an extraordinarily large negative metamaterial effective volume compressibility of κeff=−0.8%  bar−1=−80  GPa−1 under pressure control.