Tailoring the Mechanical Properties of 3D Microstructures Using Visible Light Post‐Manufacturing
M. Gernhardt, E. Blasco, M. Hippler, J. Blinco, M. Bastmeyer, M. Wegener, H. Frisch, and C. Barner‐Kowollik
Adv. Mater. 1901269 (2019)
- Date: 3.06.2019
The photochemistry of anthracene, a new class of photoresist for direct laser writing, is used to enable visible‐light‐gated control over the mechanical properties of 3D microstructures post‐manufacturing. The mechanical and viscoelastic properties (hardness, complex elastic modulus, and loss factor) of the microstructures are measured over the course of irradiation via dynamic mechanical analysis on the nanoscale. Irradiation of the microstructures leads to a strong hardening and stiffening effect due to the generation of additional crosslinks through the photodimerization of the anthracene functionalities. A relationship between the loss of fluorescence—a consequence of the photodimerization—and changes in the mechanical properties is established. The fluorescence thus serves as a proxy read‐out for the mechanical properties. These photoresponsive microstructures can potentially be used as “mechanical blank slates”: their mechanical properties can be readily adjusted using visible light to serve the demands of different applications and read out using their fluorescence.