Boosting Light Emission from Single Hydrogen Phthalocyanine Molecules by Charging

  • Author:

    V. Rai, L. Gerhard, Q. Sun, C. Holzer, T. Repän, M. Krstić, L. Yang, M. Wegener, C. Rockstuhl, and W. Wulfhekel

  • Source:

    Nano Lett. (2020); doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c03121

  • Date: 22.09.2020
  • Abstract:

    Interest in electroluminescence of single molecules is stimulated by the prospect of possible applications in novel light emitting devices. Recent studies provide valuable insights into the mechanisms leading to single molecule electroluminescence. Concrete information on how to boost the intensity of the emitted light, however, is rare. By combining scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and quantum chemical calculations, we show that the light emission efficiencies of an individual hydrogen-phthalocyanine molecule can be increased by a factor of ≈19 upon charging. This boost in intensity can be explained by the development of a vertical dipole moment normal to the substrate facilitating out-coupling of the local excitation to the far field. As this effect is not related to the specific nature of hydrogen-phthalocyanine, it opens up a general way to increase light emission from molecular junctions.